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Nemo's Garden- An Underwater Farm

Have you ever considered cultivating plants and carrying out agricultural practices in the oceans? We all know that crops require proper amounts of sunlight, nutrients, water, and air to flourish, but these conditions can also be artificially manufactured.

Sergio Gamberini, the founder of the diving equipment company Ocean Reef in Italy, came up with the idea of growing simple herbs and plants underwater, such as basil. He and his colleagues were successful in carrying out this experiment of growing crops underwater with artificial conditions at the Noli Cost in Italy. There are many areas where agriculture is impossible owing to a variety of factors such as nutrient-deficient soil, water scarcity, or other harsh conditions; this initiative tries to provide a sustainable environment for plant growth. This vegetable-cultivation project is carried out in saline water.

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Huge biospheres, built of acrylic that can endure high water pressure, are anchored to the seabed, and inside the dome is a lab-like setting where people can work with plants. The domes are arranged in a circle, with a flower-like structure in the middle that supplies connections and cables for running the domes and is termed as 'The Tree of Life'. Because these constructions are translucent, sunlight can enter the domes. The biosphere is equipped with numerous sensors for temperature management, oxygen, and other gas control, and the entire setup is connected to wifi, allowing users to monitor the plant's growth and watch through the phone. Beautiful aquatic species such as fish, sea horses, sponges, and octopuses can be seen if you visit as a scuba diver. It appears to be a scene from a science fiction film, yet it is real.


Hydroponics is used to grow the plants, and salty seawater is drained and condensed inside, eliminating the need for freshwater. Solar panels installed on seashores supply electricity for powering biospheres, with wind generators providing extra energy. The entire biosphere system is incredibly self-sustaining, anchored 30 feet under the sea this innovation is indeed a next-generation agriculture practice.

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